Westmoreland County

Montross, VA

Emergency Alert System

Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Residents and visitors in Virginia, like those around the nation will receive tests of the national cell phone and broadcast alert systems on Wednesday afternoon (October 3). The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA}, in coordination with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), will conduct a nationwide test of the Emergency Alert System (EAS) and Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA). The WEA portion of the test commences at 2:18 p.m. and the EAS portion follows at 2:20 p.m. The test will assess the operational readiness of the infrastructure for distribution of a national message and determine whether improvements are needed. The Federal Government will conduct the test; however, the state can use these systems to disseminate important messages in coordination with local emergency officials. For example, during an AMBER Alert for a missing endangered child, Virginia will disseminate the message after coordinating through appropriate law enforcement officials. The EAS is a national public warning system, which provides the President the communications capability to address the nation during a national emergency. The test is made available to EAS participants (i.e., radio and television broadcasters, cable systems, satellite radio and television providers, and wireline video providers) and is scheduled to last approximately one minute. The test message will be similar to regular monthly EAS test messages, which the public is familiar. The EAS message will include a reference to the WEA test "THIS IS A TEST of the National Emergency Alert System. This system was developed by broadcast and cable operators in voluntary cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Federal Communications Commission, and local authorities to keep you informed in the event of an emergency. If this had been an actual emergency, an official message would have followed the tone alert you heard at the start of this message. A similar wireless emergency alert test message has been sent to all cell phones nationwide. Some cell phones will receive the message; others will not. No action is required." The WEA test message will be sent to cell phones that are connected to wireless providers participating in WEA. This is the fourth EAS nationwide test and the first national WEA test. Previous EAS national tests were conducted in November 2011, September 2016 and September 2017 in collaboration with the FCC, broadcasters and emergency management officials in recognition of FEMA's National Preparedness Month. Cell towers will broadcast the October 3 WEA test for approximately 30 minutes beginning at 2:18 p.m. During this time, WEA compatible cell phones which are switched on, within range of an active cell tower and whose wireless provider participates in WEA, should be capable of receiving the test message. Some cell phones will not receive the test message, and cell phones should only receive the message once. The WEA test message will have a header that reads "Presidential Alert" and text that says: "THIS IS A TEST of the National Wireless Emergency Alert System. No action is needed." The WEA system is used to warn the public about dangerous weather, missing children and other critical situations through alerts on cell phones. The national test will use the same special tone and vibration as with all WEA messages (i.e. Tornado Warning, AMBER Alert). Users cannot opt out of the WEA test. The test was originally scheduled to take place Thursday, September 20, but the continuing federal response to Hurricane Florence resulted in postponing the test until Wednesday, October 3. If you would like more information about this test, FEMA has provided responses to Frequently Asked Questions at https://www.fema.gov/emergency-alert-test Additional questions should be directed to FEMA-National-Test@fema.dhs.gov 

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